Anders kept on returning to the discussion of the overarching theme of his work after 1945: the ‘Promethean gradient’. This phrase describes an increasingly more insurmountable differential between the human and the technological objects created by humans, and the consequences this has for humans and the world.
In 1970, soon after the moon landing in 1969, Anders reiterated his central thesis in The View from the Moon: The further humanity removes itself from the world, the smaller the chance for a return becomes. The more technology progresses, the smaller is the prospect to ever ‘catch up with and reign in’ the technological objects that are slipping from the grasp of their own creators. In 1972, Anders published End Time and the End of Time, a volume reflecting on the nuclear situation that thematically links up with the essay ‘On the Bomb and the Roots of our Blindness toward the Apocalypse’ (part of The Obsolescnece of Human Beings Vol. 1).
In the early 1980’s, the second volume of The Obsolescence of Human Beings, which had long been delayed, and the extended edition of End Time and the End of Time were published in quick succession (the latter with a new title: The Nuclear Menace). To date, The Nuclear Menace has seen seven German editions. Günther Anders only occasionally went on ‘holidays from the moralism’ of fighting against the nuclear threat (Heresies, p. 341), but he did do so: for instance in his collection of poems and fables (The View from the Tower, 1968) or in essays on Art and Literature – on Kafka, Bertolt Brecht, John Heartfield, George Grosz – later republished in The Human without World. In Heresies (1982), dedicated to the ‘the fluttering creatures of metaphysics who make such a nuisance’, Anders returns to the philosophy of nature, anthropology and final questions. In the same year, Anders, a professed atheist, left the Isrealitische Kultusgemeinde, The Jewish Cultural Community Austria, in protest against Israel’s invasion of Lebanon (1982 Lebanon War). Anders wrote the self-reflective essay My Jewishness and the question of Jewishness is also a theme of the extensive correspondence collected in the literary estate, which includes exchanges with Arendt, Herbert Marcuse, Hans Magnus Enzensberger und Anders’s lifelong friend Hans Jonas, who sent the draft of his philosophical long-seller Das Prinzip Verantwortung (1979) to Vienna prior to publication.